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Sunday, July 19, 2020 | History

6 edition of The Subseafloor Biosphere at Mid-Ocean Ridges (Geophysical Monograph) found in the catalog.

The Subseafloor Biosphere at Mid-Ocean Ridges (Geophysical Monograph)

by William S. D. Wilcock

  • 184 Want to read
  • 22 Currently reading

Published by American Geophysical Union .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Life Sciences - Ecology,
  • Science,
  • Congresses,
  • Deep-sea ecology,
  • Mid-ocean ridges,
  • Science/Mathematics

  • Edition Notes

    ContributionsEdward F. DeLong (Editor), Deborah S. Kelley (Editor), John A. Baross (Editor), S. Craig Cary (Editor)
    The Physical Object
    FormatHardcover
    Number of Pages399
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL11164620M
    ISBN 100875904092
    ISBN 109780875904092

    The observation that the vast majority of Earth’s microorganisms reside in extreme aquatic environments, given the immense volume of the deep ocean, is a simple fact. Some combination of extreme temperature, pressure, food supply, acidity, redox conditions, or even water activity describes the norm, not the rarity, for aquatic microbial by: 5. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: / mapping demonstrated the existence of hydrothermal activity and pyroclastic volcanic materials at super-slow-spreading mid-ocean ridges, This subseafloor biosphere derives energy, in part, from the weathering products of oceanic crust and the availability of oxidants.

    The deep biosphere and the subseafloor ocean: An international advisory committee defined the deep biosphere and the subseafloor ocean as one of three major themes of the IODP. To date, there has been only one drilling leg (Leg of the ODP) devoted to microbiological exploration, but it is anticipated that many more will follow in the wake Cited by: Hydrothermal circulation at mid-ocean ridges influences ocean water chemistry through seawater–basement rock chemical reactions. Further off-axis, outcropping of permeable basement rock and seamounts allows conductive flow beneath layers of impermeable sediment accumulating on young ridge flanks (Figure ; Fisher et al., ; Sclater.

    Full text of "Subseafloor Biosphere Linked to Hydrothermal Systems [electronic resource]: TAIGA Concept" See other formats. In part, this is attributable to an increasing appreciation that a potentially vast and metabolically active microbial population might exist within the ocean crust, as exemplified by the recent publication of an entire book devoted to the topic of The Subsurface Biosphere at Mid-Ocean Ridges. Further motivation for new studies derives from the Cited by:


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The Subseafloor Biosphere at Mid-Ocean Ridges (Geophysical Monograph) by William S. D. Wilcock Download PDF EPUB FB2

At mid-ocean spreading centers, the fluxes that sustain life are the highest, and the hydrothermal fluids in which micro-organisms grow are readily accessible on the seafloor. In addition, periodic volcanic eruptions flush fluids and microbes from the subsurface, and volcanic gases are believed to drive spectacular microbial blooms.

The subseafloor biosphere at mid-ocean ridges. [William S D Wilcock;] Home. WorldCat Home About WorldCat Help. Search. Search for Library Items Search for Lists Search for Book: All Authors / Contributors: William S D Wilcock.

Find more information about: ISBN: OCLC Number. Get this from a library. The subseafloor biosphere at mid-ocean ridges.

[William S D Wilcock;] -- The Subseafloor Biosphere at Mid-Ocean Ridges presents contributions from marine geoscientists, biologists, and microbiologists whose work on mid-ocean ridge systems has gained attention from. The Subseafloor Biosphere at Mid-Ocean Ridges (Geophysical Monograph Series) Hardcover – January 9, by William S.

Wilcock (Editor), Edward F. DeLong (Editor), Deborah S. Kelley (Editor), & See all 2 formats and editions Hide other formats and Format: Hardcover. This book is the comprehensive volume of the TAIGA (“a great river ” in Japanese) project.

Supported by the Japanese government, the project examined the hypothesis that the subseafloor fluid advection system (subseafloor TAIGA) can be categorized into four types, TAIGAs of sulfur, hydrogen, carbon (methane), and iron, according to the most dominant.

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume Awareness has grown over the past several years that the subseafloor may harbor a substantial biosphere sustained by volcanic heat and chemical fluxes from the Earths interior.

This realization has profound scientific implications for questions concerning the origins of life, the. Partnered Journals. Chinese Journal of Geophysics () Earth Interactions; Earth and Planetary Physics; Geophysics; International Journal of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy.

The Subseafloor Biosphere at Mid-Ocean Ridges Geophysical Monograph Series: : William S. Wilcock: Libros en idiomas extranjerosFormat: Tapa dura. Contribution to Book Potential Importance of Dissimilatory Fe(III)-Reducing Microorganisms in Hot Sedimentary Environments Subseafloor Biosphere at Mid-Ocean Ridges ().

"The subsurface biosphere at mid--ocean ridges: issues and challenges," inThe Subseafloor Biosphere at Mid--Ocean Ridges, eds. Microbial ecology in the sediment-covered ocean basement of the. This book considers the complex low-temperature cycle with the high-temperature cycle, a combination that has not been dealt with in previous books concerning Earth systems.

Humanity is a small part of the biosphere; however, human activities greatly influence Earth’s surface environments (atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, soils, rocks).

Buy The Subseafloor Biosphere at Mid-Ocean Ridges (Geophysical Monograph Series) by Wilcock, William S. D., DeLong, Edward F., Kelley, Deborah S., Baross, John A Format: Hardcover. The subseafloor at the mid-ocean ridge is predicted to be an excellent microbial habitat, because there is abundant space, fluid flow, and geochemical energy in the porous, hydrothermally.

Cary SC, Campbell BJ, DeLong EF () Studying the deep subsurface biosphere: emerging technologies and applications. In: Wilcock WSD, DeLong EF, Kelley DS, Baross JA, Cary SC (eds) The subseafloor biosphere at mid-ocean ridges, Geophysical monograph series American Geophysical Union, Washington, pp – CrossRef Cited by: 4.

Abstract The size and biogeochemical impact of the subseafloor biosphere in oceanic crust remain largely unknown due to sampling limitations. We used reactive transport modeling to estimate the size of the subseafloor methanogen population, volume of crust occupied, fluid residence time, and nature of the subsurface mixing zone for two low.

Original language: English (US) Title of host publication: The Subseafloor Biosphere at Mid-Ocean Ridges, Editors: William S.D.

Wilcock, Edward F. Delong Cited by: The Subseafloor Biosphere at Mid-Ocean Ridges. American Geophysical Union Press, Washington, D.C. Julie A. Huber Curriculum Vitae 2 4. Huber, Book Reviews f. Submitted Abstracts/Meeting Presentations (not including invited, listed in g) 1.

De som köpt den här boken har ofta också köpt The Subseafloor Biosphere at Mid-Ocean Ridges av William S D Wilcock, Edward F Delong, Deborah S Kelley, John A Baross, S Craig Cary (inbunden).

Köp båda 2 för kr. The oceanic crust near mid-ocean ridge spreading centers is a rich source of reducing chemistries and biologically relevant energy sources. It is here that countless microbial metabolic strategies crowd the hydrothermal emissions billowing into the sea, having reacted with the mantle-derived rock deep within.

Mantle Flow beneath Mid-ocean Ridges While the mantle beneath mid-ocean ridges is mostly solid rock, it does deform in a ductile sense, very slowly on human timescales but rapidly over geo-logic time.

‘Flow’ of the solid mantle is therefore often described using fluid mechanics. The equation of motion for mantle convection comes from mo.

3 Scientific Accomplishments: Fluids, Flow, and Life in the Subseafloor. The ability to drill deep into the seafloor has increased understanding of the role of fluid flow within ocean sediments and basement rock, especially the connectivity of hydrogeologic systems within the ocean crust.Definition.

The deep biosphere is an ecosystem of organisms and their living space in the deep subsurface. For the seafloor, an operational definition of deep subsurface is the region that is not bioturbated by animals; this is generally about a meter or more below the surface.

On continents, it is below a few meters, not including soils. The organisms in this zone are sometimes .The Subseafloor Biosphere at Mid-Ocean Ridges (Geophysical Monograph Series) William S. D.

Wilcock, Edward F. DeLong, Deborah S. Kelley, John A. Baross, S. Craig Cary Published by John Wiley & Sons ().